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2841 L I - STML11041 - Four Tops Live 7451 STML11042-TC - Temptations - Greatest Hits 19

Cassette

EMI, along with every other major record company in the 60s, began distributing cassette copies of many of their vinyl album releases right the way through until the mid-1990s.

 

Easier to handle and more impervious to damage (and convenient to store) than LPs, yet nowhere near as expensive as CDs when they were launched, ensured a long popularity.

 

 

The front panel of the 'inlay cards' (also known as J-Cards) contained a rectangular, full-height, usually single-colour+black representation of the vinyl sleeve artwork (not full colour at this time) along with tracklistings and a portion of the album sleevenotes on the reverse.

 

Copies distributed from August 1966 included a small promotional leaflet (shown above) listing all the available titles at the time.

 

However some earlier copies of EMI cassettes contained the Philips/Pye promotional leaflet shown earlier instead, or later where EMI had not supplied enough stock of their own leaflet.

 

 

           The inlay spines all carried this

           1⅞ ips logo, referring to the speed

           at which the tape was designed to play.

 

For the first two or three years, cassettes continued to use the terminology previously associated with open-reel tape - i.e. referring to each side as 'tracks'.  In fact, this was a misnoma because each side of a stereo cassette has two tracks, so the two sides actually total four tracks.

 

So to be correct, Side 1's songs should have been headed 'Tracks 1 & 2' and Side 2's songs, 'Tracks 3 & 4'!

 

During 1966, EMI's cassette labels were pale blue as in the Eartha Kitt example (above left).  In 1967 they switched to light pink, then in mid-1968 to a very CBS-like orange, then from mid-1969 lime-green labels were used, until finally various shades of yellow and yellowy-green were used from 1970 to 1973.

 

Note that labels were printed using either of the two typefaces (fonts) that Philips used on their own cassettes and those of Pye/CBS.  The Eartha Kitt title shown above left uses the short-lived first font with a rather American-style aesthetic, quite angular and not easy to read in such small print, whereas the tapes that follow use the more common font "Compacta" which has a more stencil-like appearance and is easier to read, incidentally being chosen for the type on vinyl record labels in mid-1965 also.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EMI product manufactured before the Summer of 1969 carried the message "SOLD IN U.K. SUBJECT TO RESALE PRICE CONDITIONS. SEE PRICE LIST."  A few of the earliest cassettes only showed this message on the inlay, but was added shortly afterwards in the corner of the cassette labels themselves.

 

Around the same time, the typeface changed from the Futura Condensed Bold used on the earliest tapes, to the Compacta variant so commonly used on LP labels during the 1960s and 70s.

 

As with all cassettes manufactured by Philips at this time, the catalogue number was stamped onto the beginning of the leader tape (left).

An album that fits in your pocket

           More pre-recorded EMI cassettes

Icon_TapeFormat_Y_TC Icon_TapeFormat_B_TC L

           Blank EMI cassettes for the home

Icon_TapeFormat_B_TC L 7451 STML11042-TC - Temptations - Greatest Hits 19 7086 F O Jigsaw - The Shadows 7451 STML11042-TC - Temptations - Greatest Hits 19 7086 R O Jigsaw - The Shadows 7086 L1 O Jigsaw - The Shadows

A feature of EMI cassette inlays from 1966-68 was that they weren't printed in full colour - not even for the front cover.  Instead, a single 'key colour' was chosen (pink, as in this Shadows example) to apply as a background colour to the title area and as a tint to the photographic elements of the artwork.

 

The vinyl edition of this album showed the band members' faces in full colour within the jigsaw pieces.

 

Finally, it's worth noting that tapes of this period all had a standard EMI box logo shown in the top-right-hand corner on the front (or Tamla Motown logo for their releases).

 

As shown below, these features would later be dropped.

1969-70

So in 1969, a few subtle changes were brought about to EMI's inlay layouts.  Firstly, front cover images were shown in full colour as standard (as occasionally had been done for complex cover imagery such as The Beatles' Sgt. Pepper a year earlier on its 1968 tape release).

 

Secondly, it was decided to show the artist and title in plain black text on a white background, instead of using colours and typography in the style of the vinyl sleeve as done previously - perhaps at the time this was considered too much hard work.  Also, the decision was taken not to show the EMI (or other) logo on the front as a standard design trait.

 

During 1969 the inside-flip continued to be used as a space for artwork or sleeve notes, whereas in 1970 this area would be conscripted for advertising other cassette releases.  Also in 1969 a new international numbering system was adopted by EMI worldwide (excepting Capitol in the US) and both the UK and international catalogue numbers were shown in the white space of the inside flip (further explanation of the '1E' number is given on the next page).

 

Tracklistings continued to be displayed as full spreads over the reverse face of the inlays.  It was on this side, on the back flip, that the black-box EMI and label logos now appeared.

As cassette covers are rectangular but vinyl sleeves are square, there had always been a compromise necessary in deciding how to best present the original artwork in a form compatible with the space available.  Also, it appears that with EMI stepping-up cassette releases to match a similar release schedule as vinyl albums, it was no longer considered viable for each title to receive particular 're-design' effort for tape as had happened from 1966-68.

3480 L I - PCS7092-TC - Hollies Sing Hollies 3480 L R - PCS7092-TC - Hollies Sing Hollies 3480 L L1 - PCS7092-TC - Hollies Sing Hollies

Click here to see more cassettes from this period

Icons_TapeFormat_TC 2841 L R - STML11041 - Four Tops Live 2841 L L1 - STML11041 - Four Tops Live

During 1967-69, the 'inside flip' (the panel shown to the right of the front cover on these fold-outs) was used either to include additional artwork, or (as in these Motown examples) to include sleeve notes.  

 

This meant the full tracklistings and credits ended up being printed on the reverse face of the inlays, occupying a full spread across the two adjacent panels.

2434 SCX3563-TC R - Reverse 17-8 ips Logo 2434 SCX3563-TC L1 - Label, Side 1 3699 SCX6087-TC - I F Front 3699 SCX6087-TC - I R Reverse 3699 SCX6087-TC - L1 Label Side 1

However, before we move on to actual EMI cassettes, we're going to start our story with cassettes released by Philips and also those on the Pye and CBS labels.  Why?  Well, several attempts had been made in the 1950s and early 60s at making audio tape accessible to the casual home user, including a commercially disastrous (but technically impressive) cartridge system from RCA in the US in 1958.  Dutch firm Philips introduced the Compact Cassette in 1964 which became the commonplace cassette that is now part of media tech folklore.  However other types of tape caddies were vying for commercial acceptance during the mid-60s, such as Playtape, Stereo-Pak and the 4-Track cartridge (forerunner of the 8-Track cartridge).

 

And as with these other systems, the first few years saw record companies retiscent to invest in factories dedicated to manufacturing any one type of tape, when it was not initially clear which one would retain a long-term foothold in the market.  And so, as inventors of the compact cassette, Philips undertook the manufacture of all pre-recorded "musicassettes" as they were called, on behalf of many of the major record companies, to be precise via its wholly-owned division Tape Duplicating Ltd. - a practice that in vinyl terms would be described as "contract pressing".

 

In EMI's case, all their cassettes were manufactured by Philips (Tape Duplicating) until the end of June 1970 when EMI opened their own factory in Hayes.

 

You will note on the right that apart from a different label colour and obviously the logo, the typeface (font) and number-stamped leader (denoting the catalogue number or matrix number) are exactly the same style as seen on early EMI cassettes (further down this page).

 

Early copies came out with this

advertising leaflet (right) promoting

the titles available and thereby, of

course, the format itself.

 

Note the mis-spelling,

"PHILLIPS", on the Porgy & Bess

example (below right)!

1A CPJ3000(03) - Philips - Erroll Garner Amsterdam 1C CPJ3000(03) - Philips - Erroll Garner Amsterdam Concert - Cassette 1D CPJ3000(03) - Philips - Erroll Garner Amsterdam 1B CPJ3000(03) - Philips - Erroll Garner Amsterdam Concert - Reverse A Selection of Musicassettes 2A CPJ3002(03) - Philips - Modern Jazz Quartet - Porgy and Bess - Front 2B CPJ3002(03) - Philips - Modern Jazz Quartet - Porgy and Bess - Reverse 2C CPJ3002(03) - Philips - Modern Jazz Quartet - P 2D CPJ3002(03) - Philips - Modern Jazz Quartet - Porgy and Bess - Leader 3A CYP152(02) - Pye - Sandie Shaw - Me - Front 3B CYP152(02) - Pye - Sandie Shaw - Me - Reverse 3C CYP152(02) - Pye - Sandie Shaw - Me - Cassette 3D CYP152(02) - Pye - Sandie Shaw - Me - Leader 4A 40-66010 - CBS - Tony Bennett - A String of Tony's Hits - Front 4C 40-66010 - CBS - Tony Bennett - A String of Tony's Hits - Cassette

So, late in 1965 EMI join the roster of Philips' customers to get their current, and selected items from their back, catalogue onto the new format.

1960s Cassette Spread - Fronts 1960s Cassette Spread - Spines 2434 SCX3563-TC F - Front EMI Musicassette Leaflet 1+8